Virgin Base Oil
IRAN virgin Base Oil categorized in this group.
Group I Base Oil is classified as less than 90 percent saturates, greater than 0.03 percent sulfur and with a viscosity-index range of 80 to 120. The temperature range for these oils is from 32 to 150 degrees F. Group I base oils are solvent-refined, which is a simpler refining process. This is why they are the cheapest base oils on the market.
For lubrication oil which is considered as a basis and after adding additives to the final lubricant called based oil . In terms of volume of lubricant base oil is one of the most important components in the lubricant base oil formulation, on average, 95% up. Some groups, such as hydraulic and compressor lubricant, chemical additives and only 1% base oil makes up 99% combined. Other lubricants like metal working fluids, lubricants and gear oils contain additives may be up to 30%.
Base-oil can be obtained from oil or non-oil sources. virgin Base-Oil optained from crude oil .Since most of the Base-Oil used in the production of lubricants obtained from oil resources.
base oil properties of the oil obtained is dependent on the type of crude oil and refining operations. Base-Oil is chemical components during the refining process of crude oil from which it obtained, to inherit. Since crude oil containing different combinations such as paraffinic hydrocarbons, naphthenic and aromatic sulfur compounds are also, base oil are also made up of these compounds. base oil composition comprising a major effect on the properties of spent oils, paraffinic compounds, naphthenic and aromatic.
Usage of Base-Oil
Base oils are used to manufacture products including lubricating greases, motor oil and metal processing fluids. Different products require different compositions and properties in the oil. One of the most important factors is the liquid’s viscosity at various temperatures. Whether or not a crude oil is suitable to be made into a base oil is determined by the concentration of base oil molecules as well as how easily these can be extracted.
Base-oil is produced by means of refining crude oil. This means that the crude oil is heated in order that various distillates can be separated from one another. During the heating process, light and heavy hydrocarbons are separated – the light ones can be refined to make petrol and other fuels, while the heavier ones are suitable for bitumen and base oils.
There are large numbers of crude oils all around the world that are used to produce base oils. The most common one is a type of paraffinic crude oil, although there are also naphthenic crude oils that create products with better solubility and very good properties at low temperatures. By using hydrogenation technology, in which sulfur and aromatics are removed using hydrogen under high pressure, you can obtain extremely pure base oils, which are suitable when quality requirements are particularly stringent.
Base Oil can be loaded in new steel drum, Flexi and also as bulk for high quantity.